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The Palette of Velazquez

Above: V shows off his palette (left) in Las Meninas.  If you are interested in Velázquez, have a look at the following links:

Below: the palette of Velázquez according to the book “Velázquez – The Technique of Genius” by Jonathan Brown and Carmen Garrido:

The Palette of Velazquez

ColorPigmentsModern Substitute(s)In Italiano
WhiteComprised of lead white and calciteFlake White/Michael HardingBianco di piombo;
YellowYellow Iron Oxide;
Lead-Tin Yellow;
Naples yellow (sparingly).
Transparent Yellow Oxide/ Michael Harding;
Lead-Tin Yellow/Robert Doak;
Genuine Naples Yellow Dark/Michael Harding
Giallo Ossido;
Giallo di Piombo;
Giallo di Napoli.
OrangeOrange Iron Oxide; Vermilion of Mercury;Translucent Orange Oxide/Mussini;
Genuine Chinese Vermilion/Michael Harding.
Trasparente Arancio Ossido;
Vero Vermiglione.
RedRed Iron Oxide;
Vermilion of Mercury;
Organic Red Lake.
Transparent Red Oxide/Michael Harding;
Genuine Chinese Vermilion/Michael Harding;
Crimson Lake/Michael Harding.
Rosso Ossio Trasparente;
Vero Vermiglione;
Lacca di Rosso.
Lapiz Lazuli;
Ultramarine Blue/Michael Harding;
Lapiz Lazuli/Michael Harding;
Cobalt Blue/Michael Harding.
Blu Oltremare;
BrownBrown Iron Oxide;
Manganese Oxide.
Translucent Brown Oxide/Mussini;
Marone Ossido;
BlackOrganic Black of Vegetal or Animal OriginIvory Black/Michael HardingNero Ivorio
Iron Oxide;
Lead-Tin Yellow.
Ultramarine Blue/Michael Harding;
Lead-Tin Yellow/Robert Doak
Blu Oltremare;
Giallo di Piombo.
PurpleOrganic Red Lake;
Crimson Lake/Michael Harding;
Ultramarine Blue/Michael Harding.
Lacca di Rosso;
Blu Oltremare.


Ecco i pennelli che vi consiglio.  Tutti (o quasi) si puo’ trovare o dalla Bottega degli Artisti o da Ditta Poggi.

  • Daler Rowney.  Odd used these.  He said they were horrible… yet in hand, they were.
  • Isabey Hog Bristle.  There were a staple brush for me in the 90’s.  Haven’t used them much recently, though I don’t really have a reason.
  • Isabey Chungking.  I think these are the new versions of the Isabey hog bristle.  Again, I remember using these often in the past.
  • Raphael Mongoose.  Good brushes, though time for new ones.  The ones you see are worn out!
  • Tintoretto Pelo di Bue.  Have not used them much, but they look good.
  • Tintoretto Synthetic “Mangusta.”  Excellent synthetic brushes, both filberts and rounds.
  • W&N Galeraia.  Not sure yet what I think of these…
  • W&N Monarch Synthetic.  Another good synthetic.
  • JF Pelo di Bue.  The work-horse brush.  I use these often!
  • JF Multi-Use Hog Bristle.  Another work-horse.  Another I use often.